What is Agile Testing?
AGILE TESTING is a form of testing that adheres to agile software development’s rules and principles. Unlike the Waterfall process, Agile Testing will begin right at the start of a project, with development and testing working in tandem.
Agile Test Plan
The test data specifications, infrastructure, test environments, and test results are all included in the agile test plan for that iteration. Unlike the waterfall model, an agile model involves writing and updating a test plan for each release. In agile, typical test plans include the following:
- Testing Scope
- Level or Types of testing based on the feature’s complexity
- Load and Performance Testing
- Infrastructure Consideration
- Mitigation or Risks Plan
- Deliverables and Milestones
Agile Testing Strategies
Agile testing life cycle spans through four stages
(a). Iteration 0
You perform initial setup tasks during the first step, or iteration 0. It entails selecting people for testing, setting up testing equipment, allocating resources (such as a usability testing lab), and so on.
- Create a business case for the project.
- Define the project’s boundary conditions and scope.
- Outline the critical criteria and use cases that will drive design trade-offs.
- Sketch out one or more potential architectures
- Recognizing the danger
- Plan a cost estimate and a tentative project
(b). Construction Iterations
Construction Iterations is the second phase of agile testing methodology, and it is during this phase that the bulk of the testing takes place. To accomplish this, the team uses a combination of XP, Scrum, Agile modelling, agile data, and other practices in each iteration.
(c). Release End Game or Transition Phase
The aim of “Release, End Game” is to successfully deploy your device into production. It also includes product launch publicity, backup and restoration, system finalization, and user documentation.
After the release stage, the product will move to the production stage.
The Agile Testing Quadrants
The agile testing quadrants divide the whole process into four quadrants, making it easier to comprehend how agile testing is carried out.
a) Agile Quadrant I
The internal code consistency is the primary objective of this quadrant, and consists of technology-driven test cases that are applied to assist the team.
- Unit Tests
- 2.Component Tests
b) Agile Quadrant II
It includes business-driven test cases that are applied to support the team. The specifications are the subject of this Quadrant. The type of test carried out during this process is
- Testing of examples of possible scenarios and workflows
- Testing of User experience such as prototypes
- Pair testing
c) Agile Quadrant III
This quadrant gives input to the first and second quadrants. Automated testing may be performed using the test cases as a foundation. Many rounds of iteration reviews are conducted in this quadrant, resulting in increased trust in the product. In this quadrant, the type of testing performed is
- Usability Testing
- Exploratory Testing
- Pair testing with customers
- Collaborative testing
- User acceptance testing
d) Agile Quadrant IV
This quadrant focuses on non-functional criteria including performance, protection, and stability, among others. The application is designed to provide non-functional qualities and expected value using this quadrant.
- Non-functional tests such as stress and performance testing
- Security testing with respect to authentication and hacking
- Infrastructure testing
- Data migration testing
- Scalability testing
- Load testing
QA challenges with agile software development
- In agile, the chances of error are higher because reporting is given less priority, putting more pressure on the QA team.
- New features are launched rapidly, reducing the amount of time available for evaluation teams to determine if the most recent features are in line with the requirements and truly meet the business needs.
- Testers are often asked to take on the task of a semi-developer.
- Test execution times are extremely short.
- There is a limited amount of time to prepare a test schedule.
- They would have little time for regression testing.
- Shift in their position from quality gatekeeper to quality partner
- In an agile process, requirement changes and modifications are inevitable, making QA the most difficult task.
Risk of Automation in Agile Process
- Automated user interfaces offer a high degree of assurance, but they are slow to implement, delicate to manage, and costly to build. If testers don’t know how to perform, automation cannot increase test productivity dramatically.
- In automated testing, unreliable tests are a major concern. Fixing failed tests and brittle test problems should be a top priority if false positives are to be avoided.
- Many commercially available automation tools have basic features such as automated test case capture and replay. Such a tool facilitates testing via the user interface, resulting in experiments that are fundamentally fragile and challenging to manage. Furthermore, storing test cases outside of a version control system adds to the difficulty.
- In order to save time, automation test plans are often poorly designed or unplanned, resulting in test failure.
In software testing, the agile approach emphasizes testing as early as possible in the software development lifecycle. It necessitates a high degree of customer engagement as well as code review as soon as it becomes available. The code should be stable enough to be checked in a real-world setting. Extensive regression testing should be used to ensure that all vulnerabilities have been patched and tested. The effectiveness of agile model testing is primarily due to team communication!
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Also Read: https://www.guru99.com/software-testing.html