When a product begins to gain momentum, rigorous testing is essential in quality assurance process. When more people use a website or app, any bugs that make it into production become more apparent, and end-users are more likely to leave negative feedback.

This is the time for stakeholders to start putting together a quality assurance team. It typically begins with the recruiting of a senior quality assurance specialist and the formation of a quality assurance team. This article provides some guidance for this step, describing how to set up a Quality Assurance process that meets the organization’s goals and needs.

Common Issues in the Quality Assurance Process:

A few issues can arise when establishing the QA process:

How and where can test documents be kept?

QA engineers usually work on several projects at the same time. In this situation, it’s crucial to categorize and safely store test data and documents. Initially, Google Drive will suffice, but as the number of projects and team members grows, management will benefit from moving the data to a more professional test management tool.

How can new QAs be trained?

As a QA department expands, new employees must be educated and updated about the team’s processes, ongoing initiatives, and other information. Handle this by building a knowledge base (perhaps a cookbook) that details how the QA team operates, what resources it employs, common bottlenecks, best practices, and the QA flow that is followed on projects. When a new QA engineer enters, they will be able to find all of their knowledge in one place. However, as QA processes evolve, remember to keep adding new details.

How can rigorous research be ensured?

When working on several projects, testers can overlook some features or functionalities, allowing bugs to slip through the cracks. Build a practical checklist that outlines exactly what to measure, search for, and verify to avoid such omissions.

What is the best way to prepare for staff changes?

Assume a QA is working on a large project and needs to take time off in the middle of it. Now the project must be passed on to another QA engineer, who may or may not be familiar with the project or the programme structure.

It’s easier to make a map outlining the layout and flow of each project rather than going through the entire project every time anyone new joins. If a new team member joins a project, they may simply refer to this map to learn about the product and the testing methods that are needed.

Why should Quality Assurance Processes be implemented?

Software Testing Quality Assurance occurs to ensure that the product is designed properly and without too many iterations. A good QA method describes specifications clearly, gives testers a detailed understanding of the functionality, and shows them how to proceed.

Testing should not come after growth, but rather should complement it. Testing can, ideally, run concurrently with creation – that is, test code as soon as it is committed to the repository rather than waiting for the whole website or app to come together. To put it another way, the QA mechanism must be carried out in an Agile manner.

Stages of QA Process

1. Examine the specifications

Fixing a bug discovered during testing is more expensive than simply avoiding them during the specifications design stage. QA practitioners should be active in the study and definition of both functional and non-functional software specifications. Consistent, systematic, traceable, and clearly marked specifications must be given to QAs. This aids the QA team in creating experiments that are unique to the software being evaluated.

2. Make a test schedule

The information gathered during the requirements review process is used to prepare the tests that are needed. The software testing approach, scope of testing, project budget, and deadlines should all be included in the test schedule. It should also define the types and levels of testing that are needed, as well as the methods and tools for bug tracking, and assign resources and responsibilities to individual testers.

3. Create the tests

QA teams must now create test cases and checklists to cover all of the programme specifications. Conditions, data, and the steps required to verify each functionality must all be included in each test case. Any test must also specify the predicted test outcome so that testers can compare real results to the expected results.

It is suggested that QAs begin with some exploratory testing to become familiar with the programme. This will assist in the creation of suitable test cases.

This is the stage for developing automation testing QA scenarios if an automation strategy has been established in the test scope.

This is also the stage where the staging environment is being prepared for execution. In terms of hardware, software, and network settings, this environment should closely resemble the production environment. Other features, such as databases and device configurations, should be closely replicated.

4. Carry out checks and report defects

Unit evaluations are performed by developers at the beginning of the testing phase. The QA team then conducts experiments at the API and UI levels. Manual experiments are carried out in conjunction with test cases that have been previously identified. All discovered bugs are entered into a defect monitoring scheme. Test automation engineers may also run test scripts and produce reports using an automated test system like Selenium, Cypress, or Appium.

5. Re-tests and regression tests should be performed

After identifying, sending, and fixing bugs, QAs retest the functions to ensure that no irregularities were missed. They also run regression testing to ensure that the fixes haven’t disabled any existing features.

6. Carry out Release Testing

The QA team must define the functionalities that are impacted by these changes after developers issue a release update that lists a list of already implemented functionality, patched bugs, persistent problems, and limitations. The team must then create updated test suites to cover the new build’s spectrum.

Smoke checks must also be performed by the QA team to ensure that each build is secure. If the test passes, updated test suites are run, and finally, a report is produced.

For more info related to QA testing: https://www.mammoth-ai.com/agile/how-to-become-mobile-qa-specialist/

Source: https://www.browserstack.com/guide

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